Kaunas: A Closer Look
Kaunas is one of the most important cities in Lithuania. It is located in the confluence of the Nemunas and Neris rivers and has a population of 350,000 inhabitants.
The second biggest city in Lithuania is not only a place of long-standing traditions, but also one that serves as a large centre of business and industry and can also lay claim to being the main hub for young people with over 35,000 students (the most in any one city in Lithuania) studying at the seven universities there.
Kaunas was always destined to become an important historical and cultural city in Lithuania. In 1408, Magdeburg rights were granted to the city of Kaunas by the privilege of Vytautas the Great.
During the early 20th century, when governed by its first Burgomaster, Jonas Vileisis, Kaunas was the home of the Lithuanian government and the country's capital. This was a period considered by many as the city's golden age. However, history tells us that even before this date, it had experienced many other periods of great prosperity and national importance.
Hundreds of years of cultural heritage are preserved in Kaunas' historical and architectural monuments - museums, theatres, art galleries and churches.
Kaunas is a place that takes a lot of pride in the importance its people played in contributing to make the rich cultural, historical, and academic tapestry that is Lithuania.
Basketball is synonymous with Kaunas as it hosted the very first official basketball game in 1922.
One of the oldest teams in the Euroleague, Basketball Club Zalgiris, is based in Kaunas. Since 1944, BC Zalgiris has been the main Lithuanian basketball team to produce top-flight talents for European basketball, such as the Olympic champions Modestas Paulauskas, Arvydas Sabonis, Rimas Kurtinaitis, Valdemaras Chomi?ius and many more.
The new home of Zalgiris is the Zalgiris Arena. A breathtaking opening of the arena took place on 18 August 2011 and the following month, it hosted the Finals of EuroBasket 2011.
Population: 350,000 inhabitants
Area: 157 square kilometres
Distances: Klaipeda (215 km), Siauliai (180 km), Vilnius (105 km)
Kaunas - Getting there
Kaunas International Airport is the fastest growing, low-cost airport in the Baltic states. In 2011 it served more than 870,000 passengers and offered more than 20 direct routes to European cities.
The airport is just 14 km away from Kaunas City centre. It can be easily reached by car or city bus (No 29).
If you arrive in Kaunas on a late night flight, city bus No 29E is there for your convenience. Every day the bus leaves the Airport for the city centre only after the last flight has arrived.
Kaunas Airport (KUN)
Information - Tel: 00 370 37 399 396 | Fax: 00 370 37 399 434 | e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Kaunas can be reached by bus from almost every corner of Europe.
Lithuanian buses circle through Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Great Britain, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Scotland, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and Ukraine.
Websites: www.bustickets.lt, www.eurolines-lithuania.lt, www.ecolines.net
It is the geographic position of Lithuania that has made it a transit country, a small yet significant section on the East-West line.
That is proved by the 150-year-old history of the Lithuanian railways quite precisely reflecting the political, economic and historical events in Lithuania in the 19-20th centuries.
Wars and revolutions not only adjusted the development of the entire country to the needs of the powerful eastern and western states, but also tailored the width of the Lithuanian track gauge, according to the requirements of Russia and Western Europe.
Nowadays Kaunas can be reached by train from all the neibourghing countries.
Kaunas is accessible via the highways Vilnius-Kaunas-Klaipeda and Via Baltica (part of the E67 route: Helsinki-Tallinn-Riga-Panev?žys-KAUNAS-Warsaw-Wroclaw-Prague).
Distances from Kaunas to border crossing points: Poland (Ogrodniki) 120 km, Latvia (Salociai) 196 km, Kaliningrad Region (Kybartai) 100 km, Belarus 140 km.
Name: Zalgiris Arena
Capacity: 14,400 spectators
Distance to airport: 15 kilometres
Adress: Karaliaus Mindaugo pr. 50
Year of construction: 2011